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Municipal Benchmarking Report offers insights on how to improve municipal processes, fees and charges that are impacting housing affordability and supply in Canada

OTTAWA – January 11, 2023 – Today, the Canadian Home Builders’ Association (CHBA) released its 2022 Municipal Benchmarking Study that examines how local development processes, approvals, and charges affect housing affordability and housing supply in major housing markets across the country.

The study compares approaches that 21 Canadian municipalities have in three key areas that affect the development of new home construction: 1) municipal planning approval processes; 2) municipal charges imposed on new development; and 3) municipal approval timelines. In so doing, it highlights key features that help or hinder the process of bringing new housing to approval and ultimate construction, as well as the cost implications for homebuyers of municipal processes, policies and taxes.

“This report is intended to support the important conversation with all levels of government, but particularly with municipal governments, on the efficient delivery of much needed new housing supply, including the impact that inefficiencies and taxes have on housing affordability, which is already a major challenge across the country. We’ve undertaken this work to showcase where municipal governments have the policies and systems in place to support supply and affordability, and to provide a path forward for improvements where things aren’t working as well,” said CHBA CEO Kevin Lee.

Rankings for each studied municipality are available in the full report. The rankings show which municipal governments are leading in the three areas – planning features, approvals timelines, and municipal charges – and gives each an overall ranking.

Key findings include:

  • The cities of Edmonton, Charlottetown, Calgary, and London rank highest overall on the list, with strong rankings in at least two of the three categories studied. All ten Greater Toronto and Hamilton and Metro Vancouver municipalities are ranked in the bottom ten.
  • The study shows significant variations in the approval timelines of municipalities, ranging from 3 months (Charlottetown) to 32 months (Toronto). Compared to CHBA’s 2020 Municipal Benchmarking Study, municipalities in Ontario saw their timelines worsen, while non-Ontario municipalities saw average timelines improve.
  • The average cost of government charges levied by municipal governments on low-rise new housing development averages almost $62,000/unit. Toronto is at the high-end of that, with government charges amounting to over $189,000/unit.
  • The average cost of government charges levied by municipal governments on high-rise new housing development averages over $41,000/unit. Vancouver is at the high-end, with government charges amounting to over $125,000.

For more information on CHBA’s Municipal Benchmarking Report, please visit



Journalists wishing to interview Kevin Lee, Chief Executive Officer of the Canadian Home Builders’ Association, are encouraged to submit their request by email to