CHBA's Housing Market Index

2022 Q3 HMI



Single-Family
(includes single detached homes, semi-detached homes and row (townhouse) homes)
Single Family HMI Q3


Multi-Family

(includes stacked townhouses, duplexes, triplexes, double duplexes and row duplexes, and low and high-rise apartment buildings)
Multi Family HMI Q3

Properties of the HMI

(i.e. how to read the number)

  • The HMI is on a scale of 0 to 100
  • It's 0 only when everyone says conditions are "poor"
  • It's 100 only when everyone says conditions are "good"
  • It's 50 when the % saying "good" = the % saying "poor"

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This page outlines the Q3 2022 results for the CHBA Housing Market Index (HMI). This informative research and economics product provides a much-needed leading indicator about the current and future health of the residential construction industry in Canada.

The data for the CHBA HMI comes from an exclusive panel of CHBA homebuilders from coast to coast. Every quarter, this panel – which is created in collaboration with our local and provincial home builders’ associations across Canada – responds to a series of questions about market conditions. CHBA then uses proprietary statistical analysis to prepare the quarterly HMI. In addition to the standard HMI questions, each quarter CHBA asks “special questions” that allow the Association to gather data and insights into current issues affecting the industry across the country.

CHBA’s HMI was modelled on the National Association of Home Builders’ (NAHB) very successful and influential US version. The NAHB version is used regularly by financial analysts, the Federal Reserve, policymakers, economic analysts, and the news media, given the importance of the health of the residential construction industry to the overall economy. Through the CHBA HMI, CHBA has done the same for Canada, where it is being used and followed by similar Canadian agencies (e.g., Statistics Canada), government policymakers, economists/analysts and media.

If you have any questions or feedback about the CHBA HMI, please contact [email protected] 


Q3 HMI Overall Summary


As interest rates continue to rise, builder confidence declines and construction activity slows

In Q3 2022, the single-family and multi-family HMI indicators once again reached new lows principally due to increasing interest rates, while supply chain challenges and tight labour market conditions persist. Builders highlighted that the recent and upcoming interest rate changes impacted the traffic of prospective homebuyers in their sales offices and 61% of builders indicated that buyers are delaying purchasing because of the high rates currently being offered in the market. 

Following a very strong year in 2021, builders continue to face many challenges in 2022. In Q1 2022, we asked builders if they think their company will have as many housing starts in 2022 as it did in 2021. 80% of builders said yes, but after multiple interest rate hikes, only 45% of builders still believe they will have as many housing starts this year as they did last year (down 35 percentage points in only two quarters). When we asked CHBA members why they don’t think they will have as many housing starts as they did, 84% explained it is due to the impact of higher interest rates and 64% pointed to construction cost volatility and slower sales. The slowdown in the market is causing 55% of members to build fewer units and 24% to even cancel their projects. 

Outside of rising interest rates, many other challenges in the sector remain. Construction costs on a 2,367 sq. ft. home are up almost $81,500 per unit (5% higher than what was reported in the Q2 2022 survey) and supply chain issues have resulted in an average of 11 weeks in delays in home completions for builders across Canada. The average cost of labour in the sector continues to rise as well and is up 28% compared to prior to the pandemic. Insufficient land supply is another challenge CHBA members are facing and 55% of builders indicated that the overall supply of developed lots in their area is low to very low. All three levels of government need to engage to remove barriers to increasing housing supply (like permitting delays, zoning issues, NIMBYism and more) on an urgent basis.
  • The CHBA HMI for single-family builders was 43.4 in Q3 2022. This is the second major decline in builder sentiment this year. The single-family HMI is down 22.3 points since Q2 2022 and down 34.4 points since Q3 2021. 
  • 93% of single-family builders say home sales are slowing.
  • 30% of single-family builders rated current conditions as Good (down from 59% in Q2 2022) while almost half (46%) rated future conditions as Fair (unchanged from the previous quarter).  
    o About half of the builders in British Columbia and the Prairie Provinces rated current conditions as Fair, while 54% of the builders in Ontario rated current conditions as Poor. 
    o In the Atlantic Region, most builders selected a Good rating for current conditions.
  • Only 7% of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. This is down 17 percentage points since Q2 2022. Almost half of the HMI panel (46%) rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be Low to Very Low. 
    o In Ontario, 79% of respondents rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be Low to Very Low.

single family ratings current and future conditions for new home sales


single family traffic of prospective homebuyers


all quarters single family


  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders was 35.9 in Q3 2022. Multi-family sentiment is down 24 points since Q2 2022 and down almost 42 points since Q3 2021.
  • 92% of single-family builders say home sales are slowing. 
  • 20% of multi-family builders rated current conditions as Good (down 27 percentage points since Q2 2022) while 44% rated future conditions as Fair (up 1 percentage point).  
  • Only 5% of multi-family builders indicated that they expect the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High (down 16 percentage points since Q2 2022).  
    o Almost all of the regions were most likely to select a Low to Very Low rating, apart from the Atlantic Region, where more multi-family builders rated conditions as Average. 
  • Over half of the multi-family builders (54%) rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be Low to Very Low (up 29 percentage points since Q2 2022).

Multi Family Rating current and future conditions for new home sales

Multi Family traffic of prospective homebuyers

All quarters HMI multi family

In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and gain insights into other industry issues. The following are some of the findings from the special questions in the Q3 survey: 

  • Many builders highlighted that the recent and upcoming interest rate changes impacted the traffic of prospective homebuyers in their sales offices. 61% of builders indicated that buyers are delaying purchasing (up 16 percentage points since Q2 2022) and 57% said that there has been less traffic as a result of increasing interest rates. 36% of CHBA's panel explained that buyers have even started changing their minds.
  • 55% of CHBA's expert panel indicated that the slowdown in the market is causing them to build fewer units and 24% even said that it is causing them to cancel projects.
  • In Q1 2022, we asked builders if they think their company will have as many housing starts in 2022 as it did in 2021. 80% of builders said yes, but after multiple interest rate hikes only 45% of builders still believe they will have as many housing starts this year as they did last year (down 35 percentage points in only two quarters).
  • Of those builders that say they will have fewer housing starts, 84% say it is as a result of rising interest rates.
  • 55% of builders indicated that the overall supply of developed lots in their area is Low to Very Low.    
  • Total construction costs for lumber and other products materials on a 2,368 sq. ft. home are up $81,445 since prior to the pandemic. 
  • Almost 79% of CHBA members said that their lumber costs went up by more than $20,000 (unchanged since Q2 but up 11 percentage points since Q3 2021) and 40% of respondents indicated that their costs increased by more than $40,000 as a result of surging lumber prices (up 5 percentage points since Q2 2022 and up 15 percentage points since Q3 2021). National average construction costs for lumber  for a 2,367 sq ft home are up $37,078. This is 3% higher than the Q2 2022 survey. The highest average cost increase was found to be in British Columbia (at $40,322) and in Ontario ($39,956).
  • We also asked our panelists about the increase in their construction costs as a result of higher prices for other materials (outside of lumber). About 85% of respondents said that their costs have gone up by more than $20,000 (up 3 percentage points since Q2 2022 and up 51 percentage points since Q3 2021). 
  • National average construction cost increases (not including lumber) for a 2,367 sq ft home are $44,347, up 6% since Q2 2022. Cost increases were highest in British Columbia (up $51,308) and in Nova Scotia (up $48,522).
  • Appliances continue to be the number one most impacted product, followed by windows. 
  • On average, supply chain issues have resulted in almost 11 weeks in delays in home completions for builders across Canada. The average delay is up one week since Q2 2022 and up four weeks since Q3 2021. The highest average delay was reported by CHBA members in Manitoba at 17 weeks.  
  • Price volatility, supply chain issues and labour shortages have caused 69% of builders/developers to delay some pre-sales and/or development. 
  • 84% of CHBA members explained that with respect to trades, prices are up. 69% respondents indicated that access to trades is difficult and 68% reported that access to trades is causing construction delays. 
  • On average, the cost of labour/trades has gone up 28%, compared to prior to the pandemic (up 2 percentage points since Q2 2022). The highest average labour cost increase was in Nova Scotia (up 36%) and in Prince Edward Island (up 32%).
 

increase in construction costs due to lumber rise

increase in costs on home due to lumber costs in province

Average cost of labour/trades increase  since the pandemic (in %)

impact of interest rate hikes

why dont you think your company will have as many housing starts in 2022 as it did in 2021?

An explanation of CHBA's methodology for the HMI is below. For a more comprehensive overview, click here.

Conducted on a quarterly basis, the CHBA survey asks an expert panel to rate market conditions for the sale of new homes at the present time and in the next six months as well as the traffic of prospective buyers of new homes. Each variable allows the respondent to rate conditions as either “Good”, “Fair” or “Poor” or in the case of the traffic of prospective homebuyers “High/Very High,” “Average,” “Low/Very Low.” Each of these three variables creates a component index and the HMI is an average of the three component indices:


Component Indexᵢ = (% of Good responsesᵢ - % of Poor responsesᵢ +100)/2

HMI = 0.6xPresent + 0.1xFuture + 0.3xTraffic


The final number is weighted to ensure it is representative of CHBA’s membership by geographical location. The provincial weights leveraged 2020 Statistics Canada housing starts data for the breakdowns of single and multi-family markets to create the proportions of the single-family and multi-family markets in each province. This allows CHBA to create an accurate provincial representation while also taking into consideration that each province has very different single-family and multi-family proportions. Each local Home Builders’ Association (HBA) is also weighted to ensure proper representation by builder size (I.e., small/medium and large). In some cases, where local breakdowns for HBAs are not available, those HBAs are not weighted. The provincial weights are developed in a way to ensure the sample size is representative of the overall population of CHBA's membership of 2,861 builders. The special questions presented above are only weighted at the provincial level. 

For the Q3 results, an online survey of 243 builders was conducted by CHBA from August 24, 2022 to September 13, 2022, using CHBA's panel of builders. Some builders elected to speak to both the single and multi-family markets, resulting in 334 unique responses. 42 local HBAs participated in this survey. The full sample has a margin of error of 5% at a 95% confidence level. 

CHBA’s HMI is modelled on that of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) in the US. The NAHB-Wells Fargo Housing Market Index is based on a survey of single-family builders that the NAHB has been running every month since 1985.  

CHBA is leveraging the NAHB's weights as the basis for CHBA’s HMI weights (see formula above). This is to ensure that CHBA is placing more weight on the Present conditions question. As CHBA collects more data, it is planning on developing weights for each of the component indices discussed above that will allow us to maximize the correlation with Canadian housing starts six months into the future. CHBA did not create the weights at this time due to the need for historical data (which will only be possible as the HMI continues moving forward) and the need to rely on housing starts forecasts, which may not be accurate. In order to maximize the HMI’s ability to predict single-family and multi-family starts six months in the future, CHBA be using a longer time horizon of its HMI data to identify and examine a substantial trend in the data. 

Panel

The panel is made up of builders from constituent associations to ensure representativeness across Canada. Working together with the association’s local and provincial Executive Officers, CHBA was able to build this expert panel that is reflective of membership in each region. CHBA is planning on refreshing the panel once a year. The HMI is weighted to ensure the panel is representative by both geographical location (i.e., national, provincial and local) and size (i.e., small, medium and large). For some smaller home builder associations (HBAs), the sample is not weighted. In those cases, CHBA leverages the HBA’s expertise to ensure the sample is representative of the region. Single-family includes single-detached homes, semi-detached homes and row (townhouse) homes. Multi-family includes stacked townhouses, duplexes, triplexes, double duplexes and row duplexes, and low and high-rise apartment buildings.

 

Q3 Builder Types
Builder types graph


Archive

  • The CHBA HMI for single-family builders was 65.7 in Q2 2022, declining by almost 24 points since Q1 2022 and by 17.2 points since Q2 2021. 
  • This is the second time the single-family HMI declined since CHBA launched the HMI in Q1 2021. Previously, in Q3 2021, the decline reflected challenges with the supply chain and labour, but the HMI had rebounded in Q4 2021 and climbed further in Q1 2022.  The current Q2 drop can therefore be seen as a direct result of increasing interest rates, added on top of pre-existing challenges. 
  • Only 24% of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. This number is down 45% since Q1 2022.
  • Despite the overall dramatic drop in the HMI and its likely implications, the majority (59%) of single-family builders rated current conditions as Good while almost half (46%) rated future conditions as Fair.

single family rating current and future conditions of home sales


Single family traffic


All quarters SF HMI


  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders was 59.9 in Q2 2022, declining by almost 29 points since Q1 2022 and by 24 points since Q2 2021.  
  • As with the single-family builders, the Q2 decline reflects the uncertainty around certain aspects of the housing market including interest rate changes and supply chain issues.  
  • Only 21% of multi-family builders indicated that they expect the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. This is down 49% since Q1 2022.
  • 25% of multi-family builders expect traffic to be Low to Very Low. This is up 22% since Q1 2022.  
  • About half (47%) of multi-family builders rated current conditions as Good while 43% rated future conditions as Fair.  

multi family rating current and future conditions

multi family traffic

All quarters MF HMI

In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and gain insights into other industry issues. The following are some of the findings from the special questions in the Q2 survey: 

  • Many builders highlighted that the recent and potentially upcoming interest rate changes have significantly impacted the traffic of prospective homebuyers in their sales offices. 50% of respondents indicated that there has been less traffic and 45% said that buyers are delaying purchasing. 38% of CHBA's panel explained that buyers have even started changing their minds.  
  • 93% of respondents indicated that the increased cost of lumber continues to be an issue, highlighting that this is a challenge across the board for CHBA’s membership. 
  • Almost 79% of CHBA members said that their lumber costs went up by more than $20,000 (down 5% since Q1) and 35% of respondents indicated that their costs increased by more than $40,000 as a result of surging lumber prices. National average construction costs for a 2,484 sq. ft. home are up $36,011. This is 9% lower than the Q1 2022 survey. The highest average cost increase was found to be in Prince Edward Island and Manitoba.
  • Many builders have started substituting certain materials due to the continuously rising prices. Out of the respondents who have started substituting materials, 23% have started substituting insulated concrete forms and composite materials.
  • We also asked our panelists about the increase in their construction costs as a result of higher prices for other materials (outside of lumber). About 82% of respondents said that their costs have gone up by more than $20,000. The national average construction cost increases for a 2,484 sq. ft. home are $41,772, up 5% since Q1 2022. Nova Scotia's cost increase was highest, at $47,933.
  • Combining lumber and other material price increases, the national average construction cost increase for a 2,484 sq. ft. home is up $78,000 per unit, 46% of that being from lumber and 54% being from other products and materials.
  • Overall, the panelists outlined several key challenges due to supply chain issues. Appliances continue to be the number one most impacted product, followed by plumbing materials and plumbing fixtures.
  • On average, supply chain issues have resulted in almost 10 weeks in delays in home completions for builders across Canada. The average delay is unchanged since Q1 2022. The highest average delay was reported by CHBA members in Manitoba at 14 weeks. About half of respondents indicated that supply chain issues have resulted in over 9 weeks in delays.  
  • Price volatility, supply chain issues and labour shortages have caused 68% of builders/developers to delay some pre-sales and/or development. This number is up 3% since Q1 2022.
  • About 89% of CHBA members explained that with respect to trades, prices are up. This number is down 3% since Q1 2022. 72% indicated access to trades is causing construction delays and 66% noted that access to trades is difficult.
  • On average, the cost of labour/trades has gone up 26%, compared to prior to the pandemic. This is 1% higher than in Q1 2022. The highest average cost increase was found to be in Prince Edward Island, at 31%.
  • Builders are also experiencing roadblocks between application and issuance for a building permit; 29% indicated it can take up to more than 9 weeks.  
  • 64% of builders indicated that the overall supply of developed lots in their area is Low to Very Low (up 1% since Q4 2021). Only 4% of builders said that the overall supply of developed lots in their area is High to Very High.   
 

Average increase in construction costs on a typical home due to rising lumber costs by Province

Average increase in construction costs on a typical home due to rising lumber costs by Province

average delay by province graph

Average cost of labour/trades increase since the pandemic

impact of interest rates

  • The CHBA HMI for single-family builders was 89.4 in Q1 2022, increasing by 6.2 points since Q1 2021 and by 4.5 points since Q4 2021. 
  • This reflects strong builder confidence and is a result of continuously increasing demand for single-family homes since the onset of the pandemic. The single-family HMI reached its all-time high in Q4 2021, but that record has now been surpassed as the single-family HMI in Q1 2022 at 89.4 is now the highest since the HMI was launched in Q1 2021. 
  • The majority of single-family builders rated current and future conditions as Good (87% and 80%, respectively). This is prevalent across all regions, especially in the Atlantic Region, where none of the builders selected a Poor rating.  
  • Since Q1 2021, the single-family HMI is up 7%. The number of respondents rating current and future conditions positively increased during the year, with 10% more respondents selecting a Good rating for current conditions and 7% more respondents selecting a Good rating for future conditions. 32% and 21% more respondents from the Prairie Provinces and the Atlantic Region (respectively) selected a Good rating for current conditions, compared to Q1 2021, indicating that conditions have improved significantly in the past year in these two regions.
  • 69% of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. In the Atlantic Region and British Columbia, 86% and 80% of respondents (respectively) rated conditions to be High to Very High. Last quarter, the Prairie Provinces were the only region to be most likely to select an Average rating. This quarter all of the regions were most likely to select a High to Very High rating. Between Q4 2021 and Q1 2022, 16% more builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. 
  • Since Q1 2021, 6% more single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers as High to Very High and the number of respondents who rated traffic to be Low to Very Low is down 8%. The number of respondents that selected a High to Very High rating in the Prairie Provinces and the Atlantic Region is up 25% and 21%, respectively. 

Single-family: Rating current and future conditions for new home sales


Single-family: Traffic of prospective homebuyers


Single-family: Rating current conditions for new home sales: Q1 2021 vs Q1 2022

Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 and Q1 2022 SF HMI

  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders was 88.8 in Q1 2022. This is up 2% since Q4 2021. 
  • At the onset of the pandemic, the condo market softened slightly as more Canadians elected to live in bigger spaces outside of the urban cores. With the vaccine rollout and generally better economic conditions, the condo market started growing again and this is reflected in the HMI.  
  • The majority of multi-family builders rated both current and future conditions as Good (86% and 79%, respectively). 
  • Since Q1 2021, the multi-family HMI is up 9%. The number of respondents rating current and future conditions positively increased during the year, with 8% more respondents selecting Good for current conditions and 6% more respondents selecting Good for future conditions. 56% more respondents from the Prairie Provinces selected a Good rating for current conditions, compared to Q1 2021, indicating that conditions have improved significantly in the past year in this region.   
  • 70% of multi-family builders expect the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. This is up 17% since Q4 2021. As was observed in Q4 2021, the Prairie Provinces continue to be the only region to be most likely to select an Average rating. Interestingly, none of the multi-family builders in the Prairie Provinces selected a Low to Very Low rating. 
  • About 3% of multi-family builders expect traffic to be Low to Very Low. This is down 4% since Q4 2021. 
  • Since Q1 2021, 14% more multi-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers Good and the number of respondents who rated traffic to be Low to Very Low is down 12%. The number of respondents that selected a High to Very High rating is up for all the regions since Q1 2021. In the Prairie Provinces, there are now 33% more respondents rating traffic as High to Very High compared to Q1 2021.  

Multi-family: Rating current and future conditions for new home sales

Multi-family: Traffic of prospective homebuyers

Multi-family: Rating current conditions for new home sales: Q1 2021 vs Q1 2022

Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 and Q1 2022 MF HMI

In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and gain insights into other industry issues. The following are some of the findings from the special questions in the Q1 survey:  

  • Since 2021 was a banner year for housing starts across the country, we asked CHBA's expert panel whether they expect they will have as many housing starts in 2022 as they did in 2021. 80% of respondents said they expect to have as many housing starts in 2022 as they did last year. Of the 20% that said they do not think they will have as many housing starts as they did, 68% of them indicated that it is due to permitting/approval delays, 67% said it is due to construction cost volatility, and 61% said it is due to land availability. 
  • 96% of respondents indicated that the increased cost of lumber continues to be an issue, highlighting that this is a challenge across the board for CHBA’s membership.  
  • Almost 84% of CHBA members said that their lumber costs went up by more than $20,000 (up 12% since Q4) and 46% of respondents indicated that their costs increased by more than $40,000 as a result of surging lumber prices (up 11% since Q4). National average construction cost for a 2,475 sq ft home are up $39,611. This is 16% higher than what was reported in the Q4 survey. The highest average cost increase was found to be in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. 
  • Overall, 94% of builders have increased the price of homes as a result of increasing lumber prices (up 10% since Q2 2021) and 59% of respondents have started ordering/securing prices as far in advance as possible (down 13% since Q2 2021). These continue to be the top two actions taken by CHBA members since Q2 2021. 
  • Year-over-year, the average increase in construction costs on a typical home due to rising lumber costs has doubled. In Q1 2021, only 36% of panelists said that their costs have gone up by over $20,000. In Q1 2022, this number has increased significantly, to 84% of respondents indicating the same. 
  • Most respondents explained that structural wood products (e.g., I-joists) have been difficult to access, followed by OSB. This order remains unchanged since Q3 2021, however, 18% fewer respondents (for a total of 40% of respondents) selected structural wood products, and 43% of respondents said they are not having issues at all in accessing lumber products (up 16%).  This suggests access to structural wood products has been improving, though some experts are predicting access becoming more difficult again as the year unfolds. Regionally, access to lumber products (specifically dimensional lumber, other structural wood products and plywood) continues to be an issue for many provinces but builders in Ontario were more likely to cite this as a concern.  
  • We also asked our panelists about the increase in their construction costs as a result of higher prices for other materials (outside of lumber). About 84% of respondents said that their costs have gone up by more than $20,000, which is 14% higher than in Q4 2021. The national average construction cost increases for a 2,475 sq ft home are $39,706. British Columbia's cost increase was highest, at $46,109.  In Q1 2021, most of the respondents (38%) indicated that their costs have increased by less than $5,000. In Q1 2022, the complete reverse happened as now 41% of respondents said that their costs have gone up by more than $40,000. 
  • Combining lumber and other material price increases, the national average construction cost increase for a 2,475 sq. ft. home is up $80,000 per unit. 
  • Overall, the panelists outlined several key challenges due to supply chain issues. Appliances are now most impacted, followed by garage doors and bathtubs, showers and sinks. Respondents indicated that these products have a serious shortage. Respondents were also asked to indicate where there are products and services with some shortage (rather than a serious shortage). In this case, plumbing materials and plumbing fixtures were in first place, followed by flooring and electrical materials and light fixtures. Since Q1 2021, appliances have continued to be the most impacted product by supply chain issues.  
  • On average, supply chain issues have resulted in almost 10 weeks in delays in home completions for builders across Canada. The average delay is up 3% since Q4 2021. The highest average delay was reported by CHBA members in Prince Edward Island at 16 weeks. Most of the provinces posted higher delays in Q1 2022 compared to Q4 2021 except for New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario and Saskatchewan. 
  • Delays in home completions due to supply chain issues have clearly become a significantly bigger issue since Q1 2021. Between Q1 2021 and Q1 2022, 41% more respondents indicated that home completions are now being delayed by more than 9 weeks. The average delay is up 4 weeks since Q1 2021. 
  • Price volatility, supply chain issues and labour shortages have caused 65% of builders/developers to delay some pre-sales and/or development. This number is up 1% since Q4 2021.  
  • About 92% of CHBA members explained that with respect to trades, prices are up. This number is up 7% since Q4 2021. 71% indicated access to trades is causing construction delays (unchanged since Q4 2021), and 63% noted that access to trades is difficult (3% lower than in Q4 2021). Several respondents indicated that there is a major shortage of framers at the moment. Since Q1 2021, the order of the responses regarding trades is unchanged. However, 13% more respondents selected "prices are up" and 26% more respondents selected "access to trades is causing construction delays" in Q1 2022 compared to Q1 2021. 
  • On average, the cost of labour/trades has gone up 25%, compared to prior to the pandemic. This is 5% higher than in the Q4 survey. The highest average cost increase was found to be in Prince Edward Island, at 33%. All of the provinces posted increases since Q4 2021, except for Newfoundland and Labrador where the average cost of labour has gone down by 10% since the last quarter. 
  • Over half (53%) of panelists explained that they are training existing employees to take on more responsibilities to address labour shortage challenges in the sector.  This was followed by offering incentives and better employee benefits to new staff (42%) and offering flexible work arrangements (40%). 
  • We asked CHBA members why they are finding it difficult to hire new talent and 77% of them indicated that it is because there are not enough candidates. This was followed by lack of experience and lack of hard skills. 

Top 5 Products/Services Impacted in 2021 and 2022 Q1

Have the following challenges resulted in your company delaying some pre-sales and/or development?

Average cost of labour/trades increase  since the pandemic (in %)

Actions CHBA members have taken to address labour shortage challenges in the residential construction sector

  • The CHBA HMI in the single-family market was high in Q4 2021, at 84.9, increasing by 1.7 points since Q1 2021 and by an astounding 7.1 points since Q3 2021.  
  • This illustrates strong builder confidence in Canada due to the increased demand for single-family homes over the past year and continued strength into the fourth quarter. Throughout the year, quarter-to-quarter sentiment was declining due to a number of uncertainties in the housing market. But sentiment is on the rise again as some of the uncertainties that were present throughout the year have been reduced, and the market adjusts to persistent higher material prices, longer build times, but continued consumer demand. The likely increase to interest rates in 2022 may also be pulling forward activity. 
  • The majority of single-family builders rated current and future conditions as Good (84% and 76%, respectively). This is prevalent across all regions, especially in the Atlantic Region and British Columbia, where none of the builder panelists selected a Poor rating. All of the regions were most likely to select a Good rating for both present and future conditions. Looking at the next six months, none of the respondents from Ontario and British Columbia selected a Poor rating. Comparing the Q3 and Q4 data, about 11% more builders rated current conditions as Good, reflecting a re-strengthening in the market towards the end of the year.  
  • Nationally, 53% of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. In British Columbia and Ontario, 63% and 61% of respondents (respectively) rated conditions to be High to Very High. Between Q3 and Q4, 11% more builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. The Prairie Provinces (especially respondents in Alberta) were most likely to select an Average rating and about 10% of the respondents in the Prairies rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be Low to Very Low.  
  • We asked the respondents who selected a High to Very High or Average rating to provide more insights and we found that 77% of builders attribute the traffic of prospective homebuyers to high demand for new construction, reflective of the market that has evolved through the pandemic. This number is up 9% since Q2 2021. 
  • Only 7% of builders noted traffic to be low, but of those, 64% of the respondents indicated that supply chain issues are causing significant delays in home completions. Interestingly, when we compare the Q4 and Q2 surveys, 26% fewer respondents expect lumber and other materials prices to continue rising over the coming months. This is consistent with the Bank of Canada expectation that we are currently peaking at supply chain issues, which should start to come back to normal over the course of 2022. 

Single family: rating current and future conditions of new home sales graph


single family: Traffic of prospective homebuyers graph


  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders was 87.1 in Q4 2021. This is up 7% since Q1 2021 and up 12% since Q3 2021.  This is an extremely strong HMI score.  
  • This strong sentiment number can be attributed to a growing condo market in 2021 and into 2022. Apartment housing starts have been continuously growing throughout the year and have grown by 31% between November 2020 and November 2021. 
  • The majority of multi-family builders rated both current and future conditions as Good (86% and 72%, respectively). As with the single-family builders, about 14% more multi-family builders rated current conditions as Good and about 9% more builders rated future conditions as Good in Q4 2021. In British Columbia and the Atlantic Region, none of the builders selected a Poor rating (for both current and future conditions). 
  • 63% of multi-family builders expect the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High. This is up a dramatic 25% since Q3 2021. This was especially the case British Columbia where 77% of the multi-family builders expect traffic to continue to be very high (as it has been over the past year). The Prairie Provinces were the only region to most likely select an Average rating and about 24% of the respondents in this region rated conditions as Low to Very Low. 
  • For the 93% of builders with positive sentiment (i.e., having rated traffic as either Average or High to Very High): 77% of builders attribute the traffic of prospective homebuyers to house prices rising across the country (up 17% since Q3 2021).   
  • For the 7% of builders with negative sentiment (i.e., having rated traffic as Low to Very Low), 29% of the respondents indicated that supply chain issues are causing significant delays in home completions. This is up 11% since Q2 2021. Slowing home sales and the expectation that lumber and other materials prices will continue rising were the other top reasons for lower sentiment.  

Multi Family: rating current and future conditions for new home sales

Multi family: traffic of prospective homebuyers graph

In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and gain insights into other industry issues. The following are some of the findings from the special questions in the Q4 survey:  

  • 93% of respondents indicated that the increased cost of lumber continues to be an issue, indicating that this is a challenge across the board for CHBA’s membership. 
  • Almost 72% of the panelists said that their construction costs due to lumber went up by more than $20,000, and 35% of respondents indicated that their costs increased by more than $40,000 as a result of surging lumber prices. National average construction cost increase for a 2,482 sq. ft. home is $34,292 because of increased lumber prices. This is 1.8 times higher than when we conducted the survey in Q1 2021. The highest average cost increases were found to be in Prince Edward Island and Manitoba ($60,049 and $48,825, respectively). 
  • Lumber prices are typically guaranteed for 2 to 4 weeks, according to 35% of CHBA’s expert panel. But there is significant variability, including respondents that noted that there is no guarantee whatsoever in some cases. 
  • Beyond lumber, about 70% of respondents said that their construction costs as a result of rising material costs (outside of lumber) have gone up by more than $20,000, which is double what we saw in the Q3 survey. The national average construction cost increase for a 2,482 sq. ft. home is $33,768 due to non-lumber material price increases. Nova Scotia’s average cost increase was highest, at $41,373. 
  • Combining lumber and other material price increases, the national average construction cost increase for a 2,482 sq. ft. home is up $68,060 per unit (13% higher than what was reported in the Q3 survey). 
  • On average, supply chain issues have resulted in almost 10 weeks in delays in home completions for builders across Canada. The average delay is up by three weeks since the same question was asked in the Q3 survey. Almost half of respondents indicated that supply chain issues have resulted in over 9 weeks in delays. This is double the amount of people who said the same in the Q3 survey. The highest average delay was reported by CHBA members in Manitoba at 13 weeks. All provinces posted higher delays in Q4 than Q3 except for Newfoundland and Labrador.  
  • Overall, the panelists outlined several key challenges due to supply chain issues. Plumbing materials and plumbing fixtures are now the most impacted, followed by appliances and windows. For the past year, appliances had consistently been rated as number one product type being impacted, but they now move down to second place, though both are reported as an issue for over 80% of builders.  
  • 64% of respondents indicated that price volatility, supply chain issues or labour shortages have resulted in their company delaying some pre-sales and/or development. This number is up 21% since Q1.  
  • 63% of builders indicated that the overall supply of developed lots in their area is Low to Very Low. Only 4% of builders said that the overall supply of developed lots in their area is High to Very High. The NAHB also asked their members about lot supply and found that 76% of their builders reported that the overall supply was low to very low. The NAHB explained that this is an all-time record since they began collecting this information in the 1990s. Clearly this is a significant issue not only in Canada but also in the United States.  
  • Over 85% of respondents explained that with respect to trades, prices are up. 71% indicated access to trades is causing construction delays, and 66% noted that access to trades is difficult. 
  • On average, the cost of labour/trades has gone up 20%, compared to prior to the pandemic. This is 1% higher than in the Q3 survey. The highest average cost increase was found to be in Nova Scotia, at 25%.

Avergae increase in construction costs graph

average delay by province graph

top products or services affected by supply chain issues

have price volatilities, supply chain issues or labour shortages resulted in delays graph.

With respectto the trades, please select all that apply graph

Average cost of labour/trades increase since the pandemic

  • The CHBA HMI shows that builder confidence in the single-family market was high in Q3 2021, at 77.8, though declining by 5.1 points since Q2 2021. In Q1 2021, the single-family HMI was 83.2, which is a 7% decline between the three quarters. Note that HMI numbers are not seasonally adjusted. 
  • While the drop is reflective of challenges with the supply chain and with labour, the still-reasonably-high HMI illustrates continued builder confidence in Canada due to the increased demand for single-family homes. A variety of factors are reflected in the quarter-to-quarter sentiment decline, including changes to the stress test, but also very much the impacts of the pandemic on the supply chain and labour. Supply chain issues are a continuing problem, as more than 55% percent of panelists said that they are delaying some pre-sales and/or development due to price volatility. On average, the higher cost of lumber has increased CHBA’s members’ costs on a typical home by $34,562. This is 1.8 times higher than when we conducted the survey in Q1 2021.
  • Given the HMI uses a 100-point scale, 77.8 is a reasonably high sentiment number, reflecting strong builder confidence. As a comparator, NAHB’s single-family HMI (which is similar to CHBA’s) hit 90, a record high, in November 2020, but it fell to 76 in September 2021 as material and labour challenges persist.
  • The majority of single-family builders rated current and future conditions as Good (73% and 59%, respectively). Comparing Q2 and Q3 data, in Q3 about 7% fewer builders rated current conditions as Good, reflecting a slight slowing of the market of record-pace, and the impact of the stress test on the market, which we discuss in more detail below. 
  • Forty-two percent of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High, down 21% since we conducted the Q1 survey. Growth in investment in building construction, housing starts, building permits, home sales and home prices has been slowing in the past few months. However, all of these indicators recently reached incredible highs so a return to more typical levels of activity can be expected. A recent report by the Royal Bank of Canada indicated that housing starts over the past year have been their strongest since 1977 and the number of new housing units currently under construction is at an all-time high.  And while sentiment appears to be declining slightly overall across Canada, in Ontario and the Atlantic Region over half of builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High.
  • We asked the respondents who selected a High to Very High or Average rating to provide more insights and we found that 74% of builders attribute the traffic of prospective homebuyers to high demand for new home construction, reflecting the market that has evolved through the pandemic as homebuyers seek more space and are able to move further from urban cores. This is up 6% since we conducted the Q2 survey.
  • Only 13% of builders noted traffic to be low, but of those, 88% of the respondents noted that the traffic is indicative of home sales slowing. Seventy-three percent of respondents also explained that they selected a Low rating because supply chain issues are causing significant delays in home completions. This continues to be the second most popular response since the Q2 survey. Lumber and other material prices slipped from the number one issue in Q2 to number 3.

[1] https://financialpost.com/real-estate/there-has-never-been-more-housing-under-construction-in-canada-but-the-city-that-needs-it-the-most-is-missing-the-boom

 

Single Family HMI Q3


Single Family HMI Q3


Single Family HMI Q3

  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders was 77.6 in Q3 2021, having started the year at 81.6 in Q1, then going up to 83.9 in Q2 with multi-unit activity growing as impacts of the pandemic on this part of the sector eased. The Q3 decline reflects the uncertainty around certain aspects of the housing market including supply chain issues. The stress test certainly also had an impact, as 32% of multi-family builders indicated that it had impacted their sales, with many panelists pointing to less qualified buyers which resulted in less sales.
  • Nevertheless, 77.6 remains a strong sentiment number and can be attributed to an overall growing condo market in 2021.  
  • The majority of multi-family builders rated both current and future conditions as Good (72% and 63%, respectively). As with the single-family builders, about 7% fewer multi-family builders rated future conditions as Good in Q3 2021.
  • Thirty-eight percent of multi-family builders indicated that the traffic of prospective homebuyers was High to Very High. This was especially the case in British Columbia where half of the multi-family builders expect traffic to continue to be very high (as it has been over the past year).
  • We asked the respondents who selected a High to Very High or Average rating to explain why they selected this rating and we found that 71% of builders attribute the traffic of prospective homebuyers to high demand for new condo construction, which was originally slow during the COVID-19 pandemic but has accelerated in recent times. This is up 3% since we conducted the Q2 survey.
  • Of the 10% of builders who ranked prospective homebuyers as low, 56% of builders noted that the traffic of prospective homebuyers is currently low because supply chain issues are causing significant delays in home completions. This is up an astounding 38% since Q2.

multi Family HMI Q3



In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included a few additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and other industry issues. CHBA has opted to address the following questions in the Q3 survey: 

  • Almost 68% of CHBA members said that their lumber costs went up by more than $20,000 and 25% of respondents indicated that their costs increased by more than $40,000 as a result of surging lumber prices. National average construction cost increases for a 2,374 sq ft home are $34,562. This is 1.8 times higher than when we conducted the survey in Q1 2021. The highest average cost increase was found to be in New Brunswick (a 116% jump from what was reported in the Q1 survey). 
  • Over one third of respondents said that their construction costs due to rising prices of other materials (outside of lumber) have gone up by more than $20,000, which is double what we saw in the Q1 survey. However, it is also 17% less than what was reported in the Q2 survey, indicating overall construction cost increases may be cooling. The national average construction cost increases (other than lumber) for a 2,374 sq ft home are $25,282. British Columbia’s average cost increase was highest, at $32,308.
  • Combining the lumber cost increase with the other construction material cost increases on a 2,374 sq ft home, the total construction cost increase is almost $60,000.  This is obviously a very high number.
  • Lumber availability and pricing continue to be a significant issue for our members as almost 73% of panelists are having trouble accessing lumber products with the majority (58%) indicating that other structural wood products (e.g., I-joists) have been difficult to access. However, about 27% said that they are currently not having any issues accessing lumber products.  
  • On average, supply chain issues have resulted in almost 7 weeks in delays in home completions for builders across Canada. The average delay is up by one week since we asked this same question in the Q1 survey. The highest average delay was reported by CHBA members in Newfoundland and Labrador, at 10 weeks. Twenty-four percent of respondents indicated that supply chain issues have resulted in over 9 weeks in delays.
  • Overall, the panelists outlined several key challenges due to supply chain issues. Appliances were by far the most mentioned product that has been impacted, followed by plumbing materials and plumbing fixtures and windows. Compared to the Q1 survey, these responses were unchanged, and these three products continue to be the most affected by supply chain issues. The only difference between the two surveys is that in Q1 doors were in fourth place, while in Q3, we can see that bathtubs, showers and sinks are now in fourth place.
  • Fifty-five percent of respondents indicated that price volatility has resulted in their company delaying some pre-sales and/or development. Compared to the Q1 survey, this number is up 12%.
  • Over 82% of CHBA members explained that with respect to trades, prices are up.
  • Sixty-one percent of builders stated that access to trades is difficult, and 60% noted this is causing construction delays. On average, the cost of labour/trades has gone up 19%, compared to prior to the pandemic. The highest average cost of labour/trades increase was found to be in Nova Scotia, where the cost of labour/trades increased by 26%, on average. 
  • Twenty-six percent of CHBA's panel said that the recently introduced increase to the stress test has impacted home sales for their company.  
  • Federal government support programs like the Canada Recovery Benefit are currently impacting the ability for CHBA members to find workers on their job sites, according to 64% of CHBA’s panel of builders.


  • The CHBA HMI shows that builder confidence in the single-family market was high in Q2 2021, at 82.9.
  • Given the HMI uses a 100-point scale, this is a high sentiment number, reflecting strong builder confidence. As a comparator, NAHB’s single-family HMI (which is similar to CHBA’s) hit 90, a record high, in November 2020.  It came down to 82 on average in Q2 as a result of increasing lumber prices and other supply chain issues. Ninety is the highest NAHB HMI score since NAHB started collecting this data in 1985.
  • In Q1 2021, the single-family HMI was 83.2, hence the 82.9 Q2 rating is a slight decline between the two quarters. Despite the slight decline, the reading above 80 indicates a signal of strong demand in the housing market. The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated homeownership aspirations for many and the demand for more space and living outside of the urban core continues to fuel the growth of the single-family market. Note that HMI numbers are not seasonally adjusted.
  • The majority of single-family builders rated current and future conditions as Good (80% and 70%, respectively). Comparing Q1 and Q2 data, in Q2  about 3% more builders rated current conditions as Good, indicating strong current sales as predicted for future sales in Q1; also in Q2, about 3% fewer builders rated future conditions as Good, reflecting the uncertainty around potential interest rate changes and the impact of the stress test on the market.
  • 56% of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High, down 7% since we conducted the Q1 survey. This is also visible in the housing starts and building permits data that have started slowing from their historical highs. While this indicates a gradual softening in the market quarter-to-quarter and month-over-month, the year-over-year data still shows extreme strength and growth in the housing market.
  • We asked the respondents who selected a High to Very High or Average rating to provide more insights and we found that 68% of builders attribute the traffic of prospective homebuyers to high demand for new home construction, reflecting the market that has evolved through the pandemic.
  • Meanwhile, the respondents who found prospective buyer traffic to be low attribute it to rising lumber and other materials' prices driving up construction costs and sales prices.

Graphs showing SF breakdown of current and future sentiments and traffic of prospective buyers

Graph showing single-family builders' rating of current and future conditions comparing Q1 and Q
  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders was 83.9 in Q2 2021, increasing by 2.3 points since Q1 2021. This is reflective of increasing condo demand in the past few months. At the onset of the pandemic, condo demand declined slightly as more people were interested in having a larger space and living outside of the urban core. With a rebounding economy and accelerated vaccine administrations across the country, we are seeing condo demand tick back up again.
  • The majority of multi-family builders rated both current and future conditions as Good (79% and 70%, respectively). As with the single-family builders, about 3% fewer multi-family builders rated future conditions as Good in Q2 2021, which reflects the uncertainty around certain aspects of the housing market including impacts of the stress test changes. 
  • That said, 54% of multi-family builders indicated that traffic of prospective homebuyers was High to Very High.
  • We asked the respondents who selected a High to Very High or Average rating to explain why they selected this rating and we found that 68% of builders attribute the traffic of prospective homebuyers to high demand for new condo construction, which was originally slow during COVID but has accelerated in recent times.
  • 45% of builders noted that the traffic of prospective homebuyers is currently low and is indicative of home sales slowing.




Graphs showing breakdown of multi-family builders ratings of current and future conditions, as well as traffic of prospective homebuyers

Graph showing breakdown of Multi-family builders rating of current and future conditions comparing Q1 and Q2

In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included a few additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and other industry issues. Given the volatility of supply chains, CHBA has opted to address the following questions in the Q2 survey:

  • Overall, 84% of builders have increased the price of homes as a result of increasing lumber prices and 72% of respondents have started ordering/securing prices as far in advance as possible.
    • Out of the builders who increased the price of homes, 35% were located in British Columbia, followed by Ontario (31%) and the Prairie Provinces (31%).
  • Over half (52%) of CHBA members said that their construction costs went up by more than $30,000 and an overwhelming 30% of respondents indicated that their costs increased by more than $40,000 as a result of surging lumber prices.
  • About 42% of respondents said that their construction costs due to rising prices of other materials (outside of lumber) have gone up by between by over $20,000. 
  • Many builders have started substituting certain materials due to the continuously rising prices. Out of the respondents who have started substituting materials, 50% have started substituting insulated concrete forms and foam sheathing.
  • In Q1, the average overall construction delay nationally was 6 weeks due to material shortages. This question was not repeated in Q2, but all indications are that these delays have increased.
  • Skilled trades shortages in terms of access to trades were also identified by over 40% of respondents, with 79% indicating prices with respect to trades have increased.
  • Almost half (46%) of the builders are experiencing roadblocks between the time a sales contract is signed and a building permit is issued.
    • The lengthy timelines were especially prominent in British Columbia and Ontario.
  • Once a permit is issued, home construction for most (43%) tends to begin in less than two weeks, reflecting builders’ ability to get moving quickly once the municipality has given necessary approval.
Graph showing breakdown of Approximate Increase in Construction Costs on a Typical Home due to Rising Lumber Costs
Graph showing breakdown of average lag time
Graph breaking down the top 5 actions taken by builders in response to lumber and material prices and supply challenges, with increasing the price of homes being the #1
  • The CHBA HMI for single-family builders is 83.2 in Q1 2021.
  • Given the HMI uses a 100-point scale, this is a high sentiment number, reflecting strong builder confidence.  As a comparator, NAHB’s single-family HMI (which is similar to CHBA’s) hit 90, a record high, in November 2020.  It came down to 83 on average in Q1 as lumber and other supply issues. 90 is the highest NAHB HMI score since NAHB started collecting this data in 1985.
  • The majority of single-family builders rated current and future conditions as Good (77% and 73%, respectively).
  • 63% of single-family builders rated the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High/Very High.
  • Across the three HMI questions, sentiment declines as the average increase in construction costs due to increasing lumber prices rises. Respondents who indicated that conditions are Poor had an average increase of costs of 13% higher (for both current and future conditions) than those who indicated that conditions are Good. 
  • In terms of traffic of prospective homebuyers, the difference between the averages of the respondents who rated conditions as Good was 12% higher than the respondents who rated conditions as Poor. 
  • The traffic of prospective homebuyers question shows a direct relationship between sentiment and delay, with sentiment declining as delay rises. Overall, the average delay for the respondents who indicated traffic is Low to Very Low was over 11 weeks while those who rated the traffic to be High/Very High had an average delay of 5.45 weeks.
  • Single-family builders who rated current conditions as Good were more likely to say that their workforce has fully rebounded.

2021 Q1 HMI Single Family Graphs
  • The CHBA HMI for multi-family builders is 81.6 in Q1 2021. 
  • The majority of multi-family builders rated both current and future conditions as Good (78% and 73%, respectively).
  • 56% of multi-family builders indicated that they expect the traffic of prospective homebuyers to be High to Very High.
  • When asking builders about current conditions and the traffic of prospective homebuyers, we can see that the average increase in construction costs due to increasing lumber prices rises as sentiment declines. Respondents who indicated that conditions are Poor had an average increase of costs of 11% higher (for current conditions) than those who selected Good. 
  • The traffic of prospective homebuyers question shows a direct relationship between sentiment and delay, as sentiment declines as delay rises. Overall, the average delay for the respondents who indicated conditions are Low to Very Low is 57% higher.
  • For the costs associated with other supply chain issues, the average increased construction costs rise consistently across the three HMI questions as sentiment declines. 
  • Multi-family builders who rated current conditions as Good and Fair were more likely to say that their workforce has fully rebounded.  


HMI 2021 Q1 Multi-Family Graphs

In addition to the survey questions that help develop the HMI, CHBA included a few additional “special questions” to ask the expert panel. These special questions allow us to better understand the results of the HMI and other industry issues. The special questions are optional and may not be asked for every round of the survey. Given the volatility of supply chains, CHBA has opted to address the following questions in the Q1 survey:

  • Most builders (34%) indicated that the higher cost of lumber increased their construction costs by between $10,001 to $20,000.
  • All increased construction costs are significantly higher for single-family homes; however, the average delay is shorter for single-family homes than townhomes (5.48 weeks in delays versus 7.8 weeks in delays).
  • About 60% of builders indicated that supply chain issues resulted in significant cost increases and delays in home completions. 
    • National average construction cost increases for a 2,232 sq ft home are $19,447.
    • On average, supply chain issues have resulted in almost 6 weeks of delays in home completions for builders in Canada.
  • Overall, the panelists outlined several key challenges due to supply chain issues. Appliances were by far the most mentioned product that has been impacted.
  • 43% of panelists indicated that price volatility has resulted in their company delaying some pre-sales and/or development. 
  • 68% of respondents indicated that their workforce has fully rebounded. 
    • 21% are having trouble hiring staff. 
    • Only 3% of survey respondents said that they have not rebounded. 
    • Almost 60% of respondents indicated that hiring will increase over the next six months.
  • Most respondents (37%) indicated that with respect to trades, costs are up.


Single-family respondents and the HMI:

  • Across all three HMI questions, the average increase in construction costs due to increasing lumber costs rises as sentiment declines.
  • Respondents who rated conditions as Poor had a higher average increase in costs (13%) than those who rated conditions as Good.
    • This was also the case in terms of the traffic of prospective homebuyers question, where the difference between  those who rated conditions highly and those who rated conditions poorly was 12%. 
  • Average delay goes up as sentiment goes down for the traffic of prospective homebuyers.

Multi-family respondents and the HMI:    

  • When asking builders about current conditions and the traffic of prospective homebuyers, one can see that the average increase in construction costs due to increasing lumber prices rises as sentiment declines.
  • Respondents who indicated that conditions are Poor had an average increase of costs of 11%  higher than those who indicated that conditions are Good.
  • The traffic of prospective homebuyers question shows a direct relationship between sentiment and delay, as sentiment declines as delay rises. Overall, the average delay for the respondents who indicated conditions are Low to Very Low is 57% higher.


2021 Q1 Special Questions Graphs

2021 Q1 Special Questions Graphs 2